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LTC1757A-2EMS Datasheet Download

Part No.:
LTC1757A-2EMS
Download:
Download Datasheet
Description:
[Single/Dual Band RF Power Controllers]
File Size:
201 K
Page:
16 Pages
Logo:
Manufacturer:
LINER [ LINEAR TECHNOLOGY ]
PCB Prototype
 LTC1757A-2EMS Datasheet Page:5LTC1757A-2EMS Datasheet Page:6LTC1757A-2EMS Datasheet Page:7LTC1757A-2EMS Datasheet Page:8LTC1757A-2EMS Datasheet Page:10LTC1757A-2EMS Datasheet Page:11LTC1757A-2EMS Datasheet Page:12LTC1757A-2EMS Datasheet Page:13 
LTC1757A-1/LTC1757A-2
APPLICATIO S I FOR ATIO
falling. If this voltage is high enough to produce RF output
power, the power/time or power ramp sidebands may not
meet specification. This problem can be avoided by start-
ing the DAC ramp from 100mV (Figure 1). At the end of the
cycle, the DAC can be ramped down to 0mV. This applies
a negative signal to the LTC1757A thereby ensuring that
the V
PCA/B
outputs will ramp to 0V. The 100mV ramp step
must be applied at least 4µs before TXEN is asserted high
to allow for the auto zero to cancel the step. Slow DAC rise
times due to filtering will extend this time by the additional
RC time constants.
Another factor that affects power ramp sidebands is the
DAC signal to PCTL. The bandwidth of the LTC1757A is not
low enough to adequately filter out steps associated with
the DAC. If the baseband chip does not have an internal
filter, it is recommended that a 2-stage external filter be
placed between the DAC output and the PCTL pin. Resistor
values should be kept below 2k since the PCTL input
resistance is 100k. A typical filter scheme is shown in
Figure 2.
LTC1757A
PTCL
330pF
330pF
1757A F02
1k
DAC
1k
Figure 2
RF Input Voltage Levels
The LTC1757A detects peak RF voltage levels. The maxi-
mum peak RF voltage level is 2V corresponding to 16dBm
in a 50Ω system. The RF signal is normally supplied via a
directional coupler. The directional coupler loss for the
low band is typically 19dB and for the high band 14dB. The
high band generally requires a 5dB lower minimum power
level and to keep the minimum RF detector voltage levels
similar between both bands, the directional coupler loss is
adjusted accordingly.
The maximum RF input voltage or power restriction must
be considered when determining coupler loss require-
ments. If the RF power at the directional coupler is
U
increased due to losses after the coupler, the increased
power levels must not result in excessive RF voltages at
the RF pin. If 2dB is lost after the directional coupler, then
the directional coupler loss should be increased by 2dB.
For example, if the maximum output requirement is
30dBm, but 32dBm is required at the directional coupler,
then the coupler loss should be at least 16dB. Excessive
coupler loss will degrade low power performance due to
lower Schottky detector efficiencies. If the directional
coupler loss cannot be easily adjusted a resistor network
can be used as shown in Figure 3.
3dB
ATTENUATOR
LTC1757A
RF
33pF
R2
30Ω
R1
180Ω
R3
180Ω
DIRECTIONAL
COUPLER
BAND 1
BAND 2
50Ω
PLACE NEAR LTC1757A
1757A F03
W
U U
Figure 3
Demo Board
The LTC1757A has a demo board available upon request.
The demo board has a 900MHz and an 1800MHz RF
channel controlled by the LTC1757A. Timing signals for
TXEN are generated on the board using a 13MHz crystal
reference. The PCTL power control pin is driven by a
10-bit DAC and the DAC profile can be loaded via a serial
port. The serial port data is stored in a flash memory,
which is capable of storing eight ramp profiles. The board
is supplied preloaded with four GSM power profiles and
four DCS power profiles covering the entire power range.
External timing signals can be used in place of the internal
crystal controlled timing. A variety of RF power amplifier
channels are available.
LTC1757A Control Loop Stability
The LTC1757A provides a stable control loop for several
RF power amplifier models from different manufacturers
over a wide range of frequencies, output power levels and
V
SWR
conditions. However, there are several factors that
can improve or degrade loop frequency stability.
9